Republic Day commemorates the adoption of the Indian Constitution on 26 January 1950. Unlike Independence Day, which honours the cessation of British rule on 15 August 1947, it is different. BR Ambedkar created the constitution, establishing India as a democratic republic and a union of states. It is one of the world’s longest and most comprehensive constitutions. Before going into effect on 26 January 1950, the proposal was subject to two years of public discussion and revision.

History Behind Republic Day Celebration

To mark the historic day, Republic Day is celebrated annually with a public parade along Rajpath avenue, officially named Kartavya Path, in New Delhi. 26 January is Republic Day in India as it honours the 1950 passing of the nation’s constitution. This day commemorates the promulgation of the Indian Constitution, as discussed earlier.

Even though India was freed from the British Raj in 1947, it wasn’t until 26 January 1950 that the Indian Constitution took effect. And the nation was proclaimed a republic on this day. Our constitution was adopted a year after the Constituent Assembly’s final session on 26 November 1949, its first session on 9 December 1946.

Republic Day commemorates the adoption of the Indian Constitution.
Because the Indian National Congress published the Purna Swaraj, or Declaration of Indian Independence, on that date in 1930, rejecting the hegemony of the British administration, 26 January was declared Republic Day. After a few days, on 29 August, a committee was formed to design a long-term Constitution for an Independent India. India attained independence on 15 August 1947.

India also observes Constitution Day on this day. Republic Day also honours the spirit of India’s independence. The Indian National Congress proclaimed the end of colonial authority on this day in 1930, declaring Purna Swaraj. Republic Day also honours the right of Indian citizens to elect a democratically-run government. To celebrate the creation of the Indian Constitution, the nation observes it as a national holiday.

Republic Day Celebrations

President Draupadi Murmu will raise the Indian flag on the recently opened Kartavaya Path, formerly Rajpath, to kick off the festivities. Millions of Indians will watch television every year as the various parades occur. They depict the nation’s rich tradition, and cultural legacy and display its achievements. In addition, the public can watch these events on Kartavaya Path, including the Republic Day Parade rehearsal, the parade, and the Beating the Retreat ritual.

Flag Unfurling on Republic Day

Flag unfurling is unfolding or displaying a folded or rolled-up flag. Usually, a rope is fastened to the flag, which is then pulled to raise the flag. On the other hand, flag hoisting describes lifting a flag to a flagpole or mast. A flagpole halyard, a rope or cable, hoists and lowers the flag. The flag is fastened to the halyard and raised to the top of the flagpole. A flag-raising ceremony is frequently held in conjunction with this procedure, during which a military or civilian honour guard raises the flag as a band plays the national song. On Republic Day, the flag is raised and tied at the top of the pole. The President unfolds it without pulling, as it will already be at the top.

The position of the flag also highlights one crucial distinction between hoisting and unfurling. On Independence Day, the Flag is Hoisted by the Prime Minister.