As technology, it changes the world by presenting ideas, innovates and creates new useful products that people can use. However, constant changes in applied science have raised new questions about the design and use of technology. Social justice researchers have proposed many ways to create standards for technology needs that don’t exist yet. Sollie (2007) supports decision making based on uncertainty, arguing that technological development can lead to unpredictable results over time due to uncertainty and various scientific factors. While this is not part of identifiable risk, Sollie (2007) argues that new models of technological implementation that take into account uncertainty are required.
Johnson (2007) offers another idea in his 2007 research on new ethical aspects of nanotechnology. The uncertainty about nanotechnology is that it is new and not yet fully developed. However, Johnson (2007) advocates ethical discussion in this area. In the simplest terms, it is pointed out that there is a need not only for instructions but also for rules and regulations. Finally, the ethical and legal aspects of technological change require new privacy policies resulting from the advancement of the Internet of Things (IoT) and robotics.
Moral Law and Personal Power
Moral laws exist to protect people but can limit their use. The concept of uncertainty raises the concern that new technologies may lead to development with uncertain results. The digitalization of everyday products, known as the Internet of Things, has brought with it many positive changes, including home appliances that can be adjusted to the needs of users (Royakkers et al., 2018). However, data collected by these devices, such as videos, sleep time, and face scans, can be used for many purposes besides improving household appliances.
Legally, changes can be objected to as they are just extensions of existing technology such as internet connectivity. From a researcher’s perspective, these restrictions are rare and often affect specific areas, such as the nanoethics provisions in the 21st Century Act (Johnson, 2007). Without tight control, people lose control in all aspects of their lives. While personal data can be collected without the knowledge of the person, advanced technologies such as nanotechnology pose new threats to health and life.
Privacy as an ethical imperative
Technology has shaped the world in many ways. However, it still raises many ethical questions. One of the most pressing problems of our technological age is privacy. With IoT technology, companies exchange a lot of information about users without anyone’s knowledge or control of the process (Royakkers et al. (2018)).
The development of the Internet of Things has allowed companies to track people around the world, which has brought transparency, but at the expense of private money. Therefore, data collected from TVs, smartphones, computers, laptops and other devices is the same product of the manufacturer, not the user. This is why many experts suggest that the problem is out of control and needs to be resolved. For example, Koops and Prinsen argue that it is important to protect users from video surveillance and provide them with digital and physical privacy at home (Royakkers et al., 2018, 2018).
These actions should keep your home safe from the outside by providing services so that people can move about easily and safely. IoT is often a privacy audit issue that some people are concerned about and find problematic.
Also, similar to IoT bots, the threat of data collection is increasing in areas where there was no data collection before. Robotics can be used in many ways to monitor specific situations such as human health, drivers’ mental state, and road safety (Royakkers et al. 2018).
In addition, household appliances such as vacuum cleaners or mobile chatbots can become the target of attacks, compromising the safety of their owners (Lera et al., 2019). Finally, bots can affect us personally in many ways. Robots and home automation systems, for example, could be designed to monitor people, record and communicate their health, and monitor patients on a daily basis. Finally, these documents contain a lot of information about patients’ health and cause concern for them.
Therefore, patients will not accept closure if they do not wear clothes or take a shower. Concerns about bots’ privacy are hardly real, but some people find the technology useful and trivialize the privacy issue.
Finally, many devices can be considered a double-edged sword when it comes to privacy. For example, biometrics is often used for personal protection. Therefore, very little information is needed to determine whether a person can enter a home or purchase alcohol.
Because biometrics can identify sensitive data, it can be difficult to determine the value of data. The problem is compounded by the fact that the technology is used in many types of vehicles and in many situations. Protecting personal privacy in the Internet of Things environment is no easy task. The main reason for this is the lack of subtle, indirect, and less effective ways of obtaining information, which makes observations unknown to most people (Atlam & Wills, 2000). So, although technology is an important part of our lives and different devices such as biometrics and metal detectors are beneficial for people, privacy is still a major concern.
Many companies violate the principles surrounding privacy by making it harder for people to understand their security measures and use malicious apps, even if they don’t want to.
Finally, developments in technology require the establishment and maintenance of new ethical rules. Scientists share things to consider, including uncertainties from research in recent years. Others point to the difficulty of defining moral behavior as a purely developmental understanding. Understanding the limits of justice is important because the legal process is often repetitive.
This means that the legal restraint of bad technology can only happen when a moral code is established. This applies to the advancement of IoT privacy and creates the conditions for privacy breaches. This is affected by ethical concerns with certain products, such as collecting personal information to assist physicians. The problem is compounded by the fact that many of them lack intelligence, leading them to be unaware of privacy breaches. With technological developments such as the Internet of Things, legal frameworks based on ethics and restrictions should be established to protect privacy.
Similar efforts should be made in other new technological areas to reduce the risk of damage during exploration and subsequent development.